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An interesting variation of the triad is the split complement. Put simply, a split complement takes a position on the color wheel, in this case green. Directly opposite green on the wheel is red. But if we veer to the right and to the left of green we get orange and purple. Green, orange and purple are a split complement.
Purple, yellow and orange make another split complement, which is the basis of this room's color scheme.
It's important not to get too hung up on the letter of these design rules; it's better to think of them as guidelines. Good design starts with the basics like the color wheel, then plays around from there. In the photo above, what started as a split complement veered off into something else when the designer added red above the fireplace. The red draws attention to the architecture above the fireplace, and it works perfectly.
When you select a series of colors that sit next to one another on the color wheel, the resulting color scheme is said to be analogous. Yellow-orange, orange and red-orange are a simple, analogous color scheme that makes a statement that exceeds the sum of its parts.
Yellow, yellow-green and green make up another analogous color scheme. Analogous color schemes tend to bring with them an instant sense of classical balance.
This is an example of a monochromatic, or tone-on-tone, color scheme. A monochromatic color scheme takes a single color, or hue, and runs through several of its tints, tones and shades.