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Task lighting is just what the name implies. Whether it's reading, doing homework, crafting or cooking, this type of lighting helps you to perform tasks. It's a light source that is close-in and usually represented by lamps or low-hanging ceiling fixtures.
In this space, wall-mounted lamps provide task lighting for the sofa. Even with the dark wall color, the lighting is now sufficient for reading.
Ambient lighting provides a space with overall, general illumination. Good ambient lighting isn't harsh, yet it floods a room with enough balanced lighting so that you can see and move around safely. In rooms with tall ceilings, sconces can be installed high on the wall which will add to the ambient lighting, as shown here.
Accent lighting adds to a room's appeal by creating drama. As shown in this space, wall sconces with dark, opaque shades will force the light to radiate out from above and below the fixture. This creates a very interesting hourglass shape on the wall, as well as dramatic shadows.
Tip: Accent lighting is also used to put the focus on artwork, plants or architectural elements that are of interest. This type of lighting should be brighter than the surrounding ambient lighting.
In a bedroom without nightstands, wall sconces can become a necessary substitute for table lamps. Positioned about 30-36 inches above the bed, these wall sconces make terrific lights for reading.