Consider adding direct lighting to where you actually sit. Also, take a look at what needs to be hidden behind accessible cabinetry, and what can be within reach and look beautiful on open shelves.
Situate a simple narrow desk beside a bookshelf. Note the baskets on the bottom shelves here to help organize.
Some of your most productive work may come from sitting at a discreet table tucked into a free corner. Add a simple chair (and maybe even one that can double for extra company seating) and keep a bureau of materials and supplies nearby.
When space is a consideration, look up. There is often a huge amount of vertical space, and adding shelves is a simple weekend DIY project.
Get creative with your furniture. Adding a drop-down desktop like this can be possible with open shelves (and the help of a carpenter). If you want to keep your work piles and papers spread out, use a piece such as this that simply puts it out of view when not in use.
On a long and simplified work space like this, consider adding a stylish filing cabinet beneath. When the desk is as simple as this (and without legs to interfere), you can also stack sleek storage boxes or even attractive books below when not in use.
Not a single inch is wasted in this beautiful built-in work space. Even if you don't have something as grand or official, take note on how the shelving below the cabinetry adds extra organizational power. Consider adding some yourself to a blank spot at your work space.
See how the storage can be useful, easy to reach, and stylish?
If you're working with a simple and sleek table, consider having a separate but close-at-hand storage wall. Whether open shelving or closed, such as here, the shelving helps keep materials concentrated, while keeping the desk clean.
Here we see actual built-in cabinetry below this long and smooth surface. The similar palette throughout keeps things looking uniform.
This is my personal favorite room by Bosworth Hoedemaker. This smaller room has been entirely devoted to a work space, and the space is kept full and orderly. The top two shelves of uniform magazine organizers work well for documents and other materials. So brilliant and beautiful.