Why There's Beauty in Grid, Column and Row
Architecture's repetitions link our buildings with nature's familiar rhythms
Houzz Contributor. I am an architect and writer living in New York City. I have Bachelor of Architecture and Master in Urban Planning degrees, and over ten years experience in architectural practice, split between Chicago and NYC. Currently I'm focused on writing and online pursuits. My daily blog can be found at http://archidose.blogspot.com
Houzz Contributor. I am an architect and writer living in New York City.... More »
Repetition is a common compositional technique in architecture, be it in the rows of structure, a grid of openings, or the stacking of a material. In columns, windows, bricks, or other elements, repetition helps to create a rhythm for a building, something that can be linked to natural cycles: the repeated days, our strides, even our heartbeats. Repetition also begets order, an important way of defining one's place in the world. What follows are some varied spotlights of repetition in buildings, presented from the large scale to the small.
One place where structural repetition is most evident is corridors, where long straightaways meet beams and columns. Here the rhythm is reiterated by the pattern on the floor and the artwork peeking out on between columns.
This hallway features repeated doorways, pendant lights and groin vaults. The latter, which gives the ceiling its unique shape and allows for semi-circular openings above the doors, also gives the the corridor a gradual, flowing rhythm.
In this example, repetition happens in the Y-direction (vertical) as well as the X-direction (horizontal). A grid of openings makes this hallway special, especially in the pattern of light it introduces.
This multi-family project illustrates repetition at the scale of the building. A three-story module is repeated, but instead of simply side-by-side, they step back from one another to increase privacy and become individual houses within the larger project.
This house repeats different elements on its three floors, subtly revealing the structure that underlies each. On the ground floor we see garage doors with scuppers marking the columns between; above is a set-back glazed wall with uplights on the steel mullions; on top is a trellis whose cantilevered structure follows the same grid.
Exterior elements need not follow a modernist grid. Here, three dormers poke up above the entrance as if to accentuate the house's main portal. This view makes the dormers highly abstract, like three triangles sticking up from the roof.
In this example repetition follows the program, a homeless shelter in Milan, Italy. The studio units feature a repeated module of a door next to an enclosed heater/sink/window seat.
Windows are probably the most-repeated elements (minus materials like bricks) in residential architecture. Modern architecture eschewed the grid of openings found in most traditional dwellings, but repetition can still be found in places like these three rows of stacked windows.
Inside, these three windows define one wall of a kitchen/dining area. What outside was part of a larger wall comprises the majority of this space. The windows are like a wall decoration in their own right.
This long porch benefits from the structural repetition on the right and the windows on the left. Each helps break down the space, and the structural bays help define smaller areas for seating.
Repetition is not limited to architectural elements; landscape can of course play a part. In this example, tall grasses in square metal planters march down the side of a house. The green softens the gray of the corrugated panels and concrete.
These red succulents follow the rhythm of the fence posts, such that the horizontal wood planks become a backdrop for the plants.
This pool area features stone pavers repeated in a grid. Pavers set amongst grass may be a common technique, but it is an effective one for the strong graphic it creates and the clear message that the surface is for walking on.
And let's not forget water, an architectural element of the most ephemeral. Here we find three simple fountains in a travertine wall; the water's falling arc is as important as the trough ... if not more.
A natural extension of the previous photo is to hide the source of the water fountain. Yes, repetition is found in the three streams of water, but when the fountain is off the repetition and rhythm (visual and auditory) is gone. Ephemeral, indeed.
More: Skinny Windows: Exclamation Points of Light
Ribbon Windows: Openness, Privacy and Cool Modern Design
Ideabook published on Sept. 5, 2011.
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