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Design Dictionary 199 Ideabooks
A lean-to refers to a roof with a single slope, or to a building that has three walls and a single sloping roof. Lean-tos can also be exterior additions that abut an existing wall and have a roof that slants downward.
A cross-hipped roof is a popular variation of a hip roof, which gently slopes on all four sides. For a cross, the two hip roofs are laid out in an "L," installed perpendicular to each other. These roofs are great for areas with strong winds...
A header is used when framing a large opening in the construction of walls, windows or foundations. It is a heavy horizontal beam that transfers weight from a rough opening to the parallel studs, joists...
A corbel is a structural or decorative bracket placed between a vertical wall and a horizontal surface (ceiling, counter, tabletop, roof). Corbels are made from wood, plaster or marble, and reproduction corbels are often made with synthetic material....
Open Web Steel Joist
An open web steel joist (OWSJ) is a lightweight steel web between beams that utilizes the strength of a triangle; the beamed trusses are run parallel to one another to support roofs or the floor above.
Wood, stone, metal, fiber cement siding protect exteriors while adding significant architectural appeal
Rafters are a sloped set of parallel beams that form the frame of a roof. They can be made of wood, reinforced concrete or steel.
A joist is a horizontal beam placed parallel in a set that carries the flat load above it. Joists can support a ceiling or a floor.
Witch's Hat Roof
A witch's hat roof is a variation of a cone roof. Shaped just like its name, it has a skinny peaked top and flares at the bottom.
Oriented Strand Board
This inexpensive alternative to plywood can serve as a strong substrate material or provide an interesting finish style of its own
Oriented strand board, or OSB, is used in construction as a sheathing or substrate material. Wood flakes, sawdust and a synthetic resin are hot pressed to form an inexpensive and strong plywood alternative. One flaw to know: It expands when wet.
Zinc, a versatile metal, can be used on its own or combined with copper, lead, tin or aluminum when used as an alloy. Iron nails dipped in zinc keep rust at bay, and large surface areas can be electroplated with zinc to make them less prone to corrosion....