Design Dictionary 199 Ideabooks

Window Jamb
On a window the jambs are the vertical structural components (posts) of the overall frame. They are on the left and right sides of the window frame.
Drip Cap
A drip cap is a feature on the outside of a window, positioned at the top of the window. It extends outward and is designed to channel water away from the window; water follows the contour of the drip cap, then drips off the outer edge.
Window Casing
On a window the casing is the trim or molding that generally covers the framework that holds the window assembly in place. The word "casing" refers to both the interior, which is generally more decorative and in keeping with the design...
Window Apron
On a window the apron is the trim or molding that is placed underneath the stool or sill. It is used as a both a decorative and functional feature. Like the casing, it covers where the window's framework...
Tidewater Homes
Tidewater homes have been gracing the coast of the American Southeast since the 1800s. Designed for wet, hot climates and for owners who love to entertain, they're best known for having at least one expansive porch, sheltered by a broad hip roof. Wood...
Weep Hole
A weep hole is a perforation in brick or masonry buildings where trapped water can escape. Water accumulates in masonry and brick via leaks in the facade, condensation and seepage from the earth up into the foundation. Weep holes serve to circulate air...
Plan
A plan is one of the three principal types of architectural drawings, in which a three-dimensional design is described in two dimensions. The others are elevation...
Section
A section is one of the three principal types of architectural drawings, in which a three-dimensional design is described in two dimensions. The others are elevation...
Elevation
An elevation is one of the three principal types of architectural drawings, in which a three-dimensional design is described in two dimensions. The others are plan...
Carriage House
Carriage houses, also called coach houses, are detached structures that were once used to house horse-drawn carriages or coaches. Today carriage houses are often garages with secondary, smaller apartments built (typically) above the space for cars. In...
Breadboard
A breadboard is attached to each end of a panel assembly made up of several joined boards; it adds rigidity to the assembly and limits the amount of movement that may occur at the boards' ends. It can be attached in many ways, but a popular method is...
Box Joinery
Box joinery (also referred to as box joint) primarily joins sides to create boxes, both large and small, including trunks, chests and drawers. Notches are cut to match in an interlocking fashion, increasing surface area to allow for more glue strength...
Chamfer
Used to add detail to furniture and cabinetry, chamfers are bevels typically cut at a 45-degree angle along an edge. They can be cut on a table saw with the blade tilted or with a router fitted with a chamfer bit. Chamfers usually are not cut through...
Nosing
"Nosing" usually refers to the edge of a stair tread that extends beyond the riser; it can also refer to a strip added to the edge of a board to provide a protective edge or a decorative look, or to conceal wood on the edge or end. It traditionally is...
Dado
A dado is a channel cut across the width of a board. It can be made using a dado blade set designed for a table saw or a router with a straightedge bit, or by making a series of cuts with a single circular saw or table saw blade. It's most often used...
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