Design Dictionary 200 Stories
A colonnade is a series of evenly spaced columns that create an outdoor room. It can be attached to a building or freestanding, and it can have a roof or not.
A lean-to refers to a roof with a single slope, or to a building that has three walls and a single sloping roof. Lean-tos can also be exterior additions that abut an existing wall and have a roof that slants downward.
A cross-hipped roof is a popular variation of a hip roof, which gently slopes on all four sides. For a cross, the two hip roofs are laid out in an "L," installed perpendicular to each other. These roofs are great for areas with strong winds...
A header is used when framing a large opening in the construction of walls, windows or foundations. It is a heavy horizontal beam that transfers weight from a rough opening to the parallel studs, joists...
A corbel is a structural or decorative bracket placed between a vertical wall and a horizontal surface (ceiling, counter, tabletop, roof). Corbels are made from wood, plaster or marble, and reproduction corbels are often made with synthetic material....
A vestibule is a small room, hallway or passageway that connects the entry of a house with its interior. The area can be completely or partially enclosed.
A truss is a triangular brace that supports the weight of a roof. In its basic form, it consists of two sloping rafters and one horizontal joist, though there are variations that support beams while featuring interesting angles.
A trellis is a vertical, or almost vertical, grid composed of wood or metal strips set in a frame. It provides support for climbing vines or other plants.
A tray ceiling is a recessed or an inverted section of a ceiling that adds architectural interest and depth to the space. It can be left as is and finished to match the surrounding ceiling for a simple, clean look; for more dramatic interest, contrasting...
Look up and you'll see how transom windows are a useful design element that can also help with ventilation
Tongue and Groove
Tongue and groove wall and ceiling panels fit together to create flat surface with attractive horizontal or vertical seams
Colorful chips fall where they may in terrazzo, a polished surface that features a blend of hard elements
Terrazzo is a hard surface material used for flooring, walls and counters. It is made of small chips of marble, stone, granite or other hard elements set into a cement or epoxy that is ground smooth and then highly polished. The result resembles...
Tabby walls were originally constructed in coastal areas with a concretelike slurry of equal parts lime, shells, sand and water. The mix is poured into a wood frame and left to harden, then the boards are removed and set above the previous pour...