266 design dictionary Ideabooks

Inscription
An inscription is a carefully chosen message that is written or carved as a permanent record or dedication. Historical engravings provide a glimpse to the past that otherwise would have disappeared. Inscriptions are...
Weep Hole
A weep hole is a perforation in brick or masonry buildings where trapped water can escape. Water accumulates in masonry and brick via leaks in the facade, condensation and seepage from the earth up into the foundation. Weep holes serve to circulate air...
Marquee
On movie theaters, music venues and hotels, a marquee is a projected awning with bold signage that lights the entrance. The materials used for the first awnings historically were plastic and glass, which were inexpensive and not limited during World War...
Honed
A honed surface is processed until it is smooth but not polished and shiny. Honing creates a matte or satin finish that can be described as dull or lustrous, depending on one's taste in finishes.
Skip-Peeled Logs
Whether a log home is truly a timber-frame construction or just accented with nonstructural log beams or posts, the rustic appeal can be increased by a method of removing the bark known as skip peeling. The shape and character of the tree remain...
Burled Wood
Examples of burled wood are the atypical limbs and wood-grain patterns created by tumorous tree growths. Woodworkers use these unusual shapes and patterns for furniture and veneers.
Georgian Style
Georgian style started in London in the early 18th century — its name comes from the four King Georges who ruled England until 1830. The style is an English interpretation of the Renaissance, and Georgian houses in the United States from the same period...
Patina
Generally "patina" refers to the visible aging on surfaces over time, but in architecture it specifically refers to the color (usually green or brown) and texture added to certain metallic surfaces through weathering. The most typical metals in this vein...
GFRC
GFRC stands for glass fiber reinforced concrete. Reinforced concrete typically has steel rods and mesh that give the material tensile strength (concrete is good in compression, not tension). But GFRC has glass fibers instead of steel, meaning the concrete...
Allée
An allée is a pastoral walkway through evenly planted trees. Tree-lined driveways and garden paths are allées that bring travelers to their destination in style. (The word "allée" is French for "way to go.") Traversing an allée reinforces the feeling...
SIP
An SIP, or structural integrated panel, has a foam center sandwiched between wood, metal or concrete panels, creating a solid, strong, and airtight sheet that is used for floors, foundations, roofs and walls. SIPs are all-in-one materials that can be...
Miter
A miter is a joint where two materials have been cut to meet at an angle. Miter boxes assist in making precise cuts done with a handsaw, and an electrical compound miter saw can make cross cuts with angles, creating a beveled edge. "Miter" is also a...
Turret
A turret is a round-walled projection most common in Victorian architecture. Constructing turrets is a mathematical and structural challenge for carpenters, but their decorative appeal is worth the effort.
MDF
Wood fibers and resin are heat compressed into sheets to form what is known as MDF, or medium-density fiberboard. Similar to particleboard, dense MDF panels are an affordable alternative to solid wood sheets for many types of construction.
Plywood
Plywood is a building material constructed of thin sheets of wood bonded by heat, pressure and glue. The direction of the wood grain alternates on each ply, or layer, which makes the panel strong and flexible.
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