Bud Dietrich, AIA
Architects & Designers
House parts -
 

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Bud Dietrich, AIA added this to Know Your House: Components of Efficient Walls
Basic 2-by-4 framing. The most common method of building a wood-frame exterior wall is to use 2-by-4 wood studs spaced 16 inches from the center of one stud to the center of another. These studs are then fastened to a 2-by-4 bottom plate and a double 2-by-4 top plate. Corners have three studs so that there's always a surface to fasten the next material (drywall, sheathing etc.) onto.Wood-frame walls such as these can be easily built on the wood floor deck and then tilted into place. Once tilted into place and made plumb (straight up and down), even and square (the corners are at 90 degrees or another angle, depending on the design), these walls are securely fastened to the floor structure.Other than the framing needed for openings, such as for doors and windows, the final structural element of a wood-frame wall is the exterior sheathing. Sheathing, usually OSB (oriented strand board) or plywood, is used in most homes to help make the structure rigid so the house doesn't twist or rack.This type of sheathing also provides a surface that siding can be attached to. There are other materials, such as rigid insulation, that can be used in lieu of OSB or plywood. When these materials, which will increase energy efficiency, are used, structural rigidity will be accomplished through bracing or special fasteners or other.

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Basic 2-by-4 framing. The most common method of building a wood-frame exterior wall is to use 2-by-4 wood studs spaced 16 inches from the center of one stud to the center of another. These studs are then fastened to a 2-by-4 bottom plate and a double 2-by-4 top plate. Corners have three studs so that there's always a surface to fasten the next material (drywall, sheathing etc.) onto. Wood-frame walls such as these can be easily built on the wood floor deck and then tilted into place. Once tilted into place and made plumb (straight up and down), even and square (the corners are at 90 degrees or another angle, depending on the design), these walls are securely fastened to the floor structure. Other than the framing needed for openings, such as for doors and windows, the final structural element of a wood-frame wall is the exterior sheathing. Sheathing, usually OSB (oriented strand board) or plywood, is used in most homes to help make the structure rigid so the house doesn't twist or rack. This type of sheathing also provides a surface that siding can be attached to. There are other materials, such as rigid insulation, that can be used in lieu of OSB or plywood. When these materials, which will increase energy efficiency, are used, structural rigidity will be accomplished through bracing or special fasteners or other.
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Basic 2-by-4 framing. The most common method of building a wood-frame exterior wall is to use 2-by-4 wood studs spaced 16 inches from the center of one stud to the center of another. These studs are then fastened to a 2-by-4 bottom plate and a double 2-by-4 top plate. Corners have three studs so that there's always a surface to fasten the next material (drywall, sheathing etc.) onto. Wood-frame walls such as these can be easily built on the wood floor deck and then tilted into place. Once tilted into place and made plumb (straight up and down), even and square (the corners are at 90 degrees or another angle, depending on the design), these walls are securely fastened to the floor structure. Other than the framing needed for openings, such as for doors and windows, the final structural element of a wood-frame wall is the exterior sheathing. Sheathing, usually OSB (oriented strand board) or plywood, is used in most homes to help make the structure rigid so the house doesn't twist or rack. This type of sheathing also provides a surface that siding can be attached to. There are other materials, such as rigid insulation, that can be used in lieu of OSB or plywood. When these materials, which will increase energy efficiency, are used, structural rigidity will be accomplished through bracing or special fasteners or other.
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