Magenta is one of those hard-to-pin-down colors somewhere between blue and red, in the purple-pink range. Magenta is the name of a little town in Italy where a battle occurred between European forces. The bloodshed was said to be so ghastly that the fields were stained reddish purple. After the battle a dye was developed in the region, made from coal tar. This dye was named magenta in remembrance of those fields of battle.