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flxibleclipper

"... you've found a stud; they're usually spaced between 16 and 24 inches apart."

That's a statement that's a little unclear.
To
(hopefully) clarify, for those who didn't know, or yearn to know more
than they should or need to, studs are typically laid out on either on
16" centers OR on 24" centers.

Describing the measurement
as "on center" (OC) means the measurement is taken from the center of
one stud (on its inch and a half wide face) to the center of adjacent
studs.
The measurements are expressed this way because the center of
the stud is where any fasteners used would be placed, whether during
initial construction or later on.
So the center of studs in a wall built as 16" OC will be at 16", 32", 48", etc. relative to each other.
And the center of studs in a wall built as 24" OC will be at 24", 48", 72", etc. relative to each other.
These repeating centers marks are to be found easily on most tape measures, find one stud and generally you can locate them all.

Though
it varies depending on where in the country one is located, 16" centers
are typical for older (pre 1970s) and more upscale later construction,
while 24" centers are more typical of economical construction.

Economical in that savings occur as there is one less stud (or joist or rafter) per every 4' of wall (or floor or roof) compared to using 16" OC.

The
use of either 16" and 24" layout for the framing is to facilitate use
of the sheathing products used to cover the framing; typically sheet
rock on the interior and plywood on the exterior, which is mainly
produced in 4'x8' panels and therefore fall conveniently on both 16" and
24" layouts in either horizontal or vertical orientation.

As a side note, many tape measures still have layout marks at 19.2" OC increments.
These
marks are commonly known as mormon centers, and show up as small
diamond shapes every (you guessed it) 19.2" along the tape.
Mormon
centers create framing that is repeatable at 8' intervals and therefore
also compatible with 4'x8' sheets, but when oriented in the 8'
direction only.

A hint on finding studs-
The location of studs in a wall can also at times be facilitated, or confirmed, by noting electrical outlets locations.

This can be particularly useful with real plaster walls where sounding, or the use of stud finders, proves unreliabile.

Architects care about outlet height off the floor, but usually not about exact measurement side to side.

Thus electricians typically mount the boxes on one side or the other of studs in the general area an outlet is needed.


One last trick-

For years now, on restoration projects pros have been using small rare earth magnets to locate studs and other framing.

We've simply found it to be a very quick and foolproof method, since these magnets have become easy and cheap to purchase.
We sweep a magnet around the wall locating nail/screw heads and it becomes clear in a hurry what is located where.

Best
to hold the magnet off the wall with finger tips if paint is being
preserved, as marring can occur when the magnet finds its target.



Picture hanging-

Mentioned earlier in the comments, I think, is the use of multiple hangers.

When
we get to the stage of helping the clients move in, we typically will
use two hangers for larger (and larger is subjective) pieces, this both
spreads the weight bearing load on each hanger, while also stabilizing
the piece and making it less likely to be moved off plumb.

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Odd Nerd Vintage

I make wood hangers for prints and posters - all you need is one hook or nail and you are done! www.GrittyCityGoods.etsy.com




   
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PRO
User

Use monkey hooks and hang your art wherever you want it. The large ones will hold up to 50 pounds. Make a 'picture hanging tool' and stop fiddling around trying to get the nail or screw in the right place for the hanger

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