Agroecology vs Ecoagiculture
This piece, originallly from ISIS, introduces two new terms (new to me) differentiating opposing views of international agricultural development. Ecoagriculture appears to be a neo-Orweillian term coined by bigag to create the impression that it is a sustainable model.Prof. Miguel Altieri at University of California, Berkeley, in the United States tells us why ecoagriculture is miles away from the agroecology that can truly deliver food security and sustainability, alleviate poverty and enhance biodiversity. ((clip)) Deep differences on the above issues define the divide between Agroecology (a truly pro\-poor farmers science) and Ecoagriculture. For agroecologists, environmentalists should no longer ignore issues relating to land distribution, indigenous peoples and farmers rights, nor the impacts of globalization on food security, and of biotechnology on traditional agriculture. It is crucial to transcend the Malthusian view that blames the poor for environmental degradation. In fact their impact on nature is low compared to the damaging effects of the economic activities of large landowners, mining and timber companies. Social processes such as poverty and inequity in the distribution of land and other resources push the poor to become agents of environmental transformation, and as long as such processes are not addressed, prospects of an ecoagriculture approach are limited. It is also important for ecoagriculturalists to understand and respect the fact that values of indigenous people may be different from the global conservation community, although species and habitats valued by local people have global significance. Much of the concern for the global community is the alarming loss of biodiversity and associated environmental services; while for local communities such issues may also be important, their real concerns, needs and perceptions usually remain hidden to outsiders who, despite their good intentions , can at time embrace a sort of eco\-imperialist perception of conservation.
Here is a link that might be useful: oca