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June 5, 2019
Kitchen Remodel Spend Surged in 2018, Houzz Survey Finds
Increased costs of imported building materials likely contributing to higher remodeling spend, yet remodeling activity remains high

Spend in kitchen remodels, the most popular room to renovate, jumped 27 percent in the past year to a median spend of $14,000, according to the eighth annual Houzz & Home survey of more than 140,000 U.S. respondents. This follows a 10 percent increase in median kitchen spend in 2017. Median spend on guest and master bathroom remodels, the second and third most popular rooms to renovate, grew by 17 percent and 14 percent, respectively.

“Last year's 10 percent increase in tariffs on imported building materials have started to hit consumer pockets in areas such as kitchen and bathroom remodels that are heavily dependent on imports of cabinetry, countertops, ceramic tile, plumbing fixtures and vinyl flooring from China. We expect similar effects to take place in 2019 given the recent breakdown in trade negotiations,” said Nino Sitchinava, Houzz principal economist.

Overall, renovation activity remained strong through 2018 with more than half of homeowners on Houzz remodeling (54 percent), at a median spend of $15,000. Similar to expectations from previous years, 51 percent of homeowners plan to continue or begin renovations this year at a median spend of $10,000, signifying that 2019 is on track to be another robust year for the home improvement market.

As homeowners consider whether to renovate their current home or to purchase a new home, the top two considerations for renovating are location and ability to personalize, outranking return on investment. In fact, wanting to stay in the current home is the biggest decision driver for owners who have lived in their homes for six years or more (61 percent), while personalization is the most important factor for those who have lived in their homes for less than one year (56 percent).

"Pent up demand continues to be the biggest trigger for renovations today, as older generations, who represent four in five renovating homeowners, prefer to stay put and invest in the design and functionality of their current home over moving to a different home," said Sitchinava.

Baby Boomers (ages 55-74) and Gen Xers (ages 40-54) combined represent four of five renovating homeowners (81 percent), with a median spend of $15,000 each. Meanwhile, Millennial homeowners (ages 25-39) represent 14 percent of renovators, with a median spend of $10,000. Gen Zers (ages 18-24) entered the renovation market in 2018, accounting for a small share of renovating homeowners (0.3 percent) at a median spend of $7,000. While kitchens and guest bathrooms are universally popular across generations, age groups differ in their focus on the third most popular room to renovate. The master bathroom is favored by homeowners 55 and older, while the living room is prioritized by homeowners under 55.

Local Markets In Flux
The national median renovation spend has remained consistent for the past three years. However, when considering the 10 highest-spending metros in 2017, seven saw a decline in median spend in 2018. San Jose, California, remains a leader in median home renovation spend despite its drop to $25,000 in 2018, from $30,000 in 2016 and 2017. Houston also experienced a significant decline in 2018 ($17,000) from 2017 ($24,000), though it has not dipped below the pre-hurricane median of $15,000 in 2016.

Credit Card Financing Continues to Rise
The majority of homeowners pay for renovations using cash from savings, however the share of homeowners paying for renovations with a credit card continues to rise (37 percent in 2018 versus 33 percent in 2017). Reliance on credit cards and gifts or inheritance as funding sources is higher in younger generations (under 40), while secured home loans and past home sale proceeds are key for homeowners 40 and older.

Finding the Right Professional for the Job
Four in five renovating homeowners hired a professional in 2018 (87 percent), with general contractors in greatest demand (26 percent). While Baby Boomers are more likely to hire professional help than Millennials (89 versus 82 percent, respectively), the gap is surprisingly narrow. In fact, hiring of construction managers such as general contractors is nearly as widespread among Baby Boomers and Millennials (36 and 34 percent, respectively).

Security in Focus
Security upgrades continue to gain popularity, with an average annual growth of 20 percent over the past three years, and a median spend of $500 in 2018. Outdoor security also saw gains in popularity, growing 50 percent year over year to 12 percent in 2018, from nine percent in 2017. One in seven renovating homeowners integrated smart outdoor security cameras that can be monitored or controlled from a mobile device
(14 percent). Home security is particularly popular among Millennials, who are more likely to upgrade their systems than Baby Boomers during renovations (24 versus 15 percent, respectively).

Making “Smart” Decisions
One in four home renovations trigger the purchase of a home assistant. Other connected home purchases include smart light fixtures (17 percent), smart thermostats (15 percent), or smart alarms or detectors (13 percent), which can be monitored or controlled from a mobile device or computer. Millennials are more likely than Baby Boomers to rank smart technology as a high priority (31 versus 25 percent, respectively), and are twice as likely to install smart thermostats (24 versus 12 percent, respectively) during renovations.

The Final Touch
The majority of renovating homeowners in 2018 also decorated or furnished their home the same year (70 percent). Millennials were significantly more likely to decorate following home renovations than Baby Boomers (83 versus 65 percent), purchasing products such as large interior furniture and storage solutions.

The Houzz & Home Survey

The annual Houzz & Home survey is the largest survey of residential remodeling, building and decorating activity published. The survey covers a wide range of renovation projects in 2018, from interior remodels and additions to home systems, exterior upgrades and outdoor projects. Data gathered includes historical and planned spends, professional involvement, motivations and challenges behind building, renovation and decorating projects, as well as planned activities for 2019. The 2019 study includes more than 140,000 respondents in the U.S. alone, providing insights into the home improvement activity of the more than 40 million monthly unique users of the Houzz site and mobile apps.

The Houzz & Home Survey was sent to registered users of Houzz and fielded in February-April 2019.

The full report is available here.

Houzz has over 18 million photos of professionally designed interiors and exteriors, including completed kitchen and bathroom projects, and more than 2.3 million active home remodeling and design professionals including architects, interior designers, general contractors and design-build firms.

About Houzz

Houzz is the leading platform for home renovation and design, providing people with everything they need to improve their homes from start to finish – online or from a mobile device. From decorating a small room to building a custom home and everything in between, Houzz connects millions of homeowners, home design enthusiasts and home improvement professionals across the country and around the world. With the largest residential design database in the world and a vibrant community empowered by technology, Houzz is the easiest way for people to find inspiration, get advice, find products and hire the professionals they need to help turn their ideas into reality. Headquartered in Palo Alto, Calif., Houzz also has international offices in London, Berlin, Sydney, Moscow, Tel Aviv and Tokyo. Houzz is a registered trademark of Houzz Inc. worldwide. For more information, visit