The Solar HouseModern Exterior
MIT Solar House I, 1939. Courtesy MIT Museum
From "The Solar House" by Anthony Denzer, Rizzoli, 2013, courtesy of Rizzoli.
What Houzz contributors are saying:
Many schools worked on developing solar house designs, particularly MIT with its numbered series of house designs starting in 1939. As can be seen here, Solar House I, developed by engineer Hoyt Hottel, focused on technology over architecture. The south-facing roof was covered in flat-plate collectors, or heat traps, which Denzer defines as "a shallow box, consisting of three glass places separated by airspace, a black-painted copper plate backed by copper tubes of water, and 5½ inches of mineral wool insulation." The sun would heat the plates and therefore the water, actively heating the spaces through mechanical means.